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Two tools of quartzite found at the site of Gran Dolina, show, for the first time, the human presence in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos) around 600,000 years ago. The finding indicates the presence of human uninterrupted in this place over 1.4 million years ago.
With this finding we can say that it has been a campaign key to the understanding of the sequence of human occupation of the site of Gran Dolina, as they have provided data on a phase relatively unknown in western Europe, and with an undeniable scientific interest.
this Is the area between the intense occupations documented in the Unit TD6 (900,000 years ago) and that correspond to the large impact recorded in the sierra de Atapuerca in moments because of the Acheulian (represented in the deposit by the Unit TD10, from some 450,000 years).
on the other hand, in the Sima de los huesos, in spite of the low intensity of work that has been due to the break for the pandemic of the coronavirus, has been found a fragment of an occipital, which aims to be the skull 10, dated at over 400,000 years old.
From the coordination of the Site have reported that all of the years since 1983, has found at least one other human, so they consider that the finding of the occipital has been important due to the short time it has been for work.
In the Gallery of the Statues, the big news this year is the excavation of the mouth of entrance that is closed for more than 50,000 years.
Juan Luis Arsuaga has highlighted that, in the Cueva mayor wants to keep the magic from an area not-so-humane and that is why the excavations which have been undertaken have less impact.
There was found a jaw of a porcupine, an animal relatively scarce in the record of the final Pleistocene, having been located in less than 10 deposits throughout the Iberian Peninsula.
“they Are like when living in the neardentales,” he insisted Arsuaga, highlighting the two environments that can be found in Atapuerca, one more humanized, and another corresponding to the part of the Sierra that had had practically no impact and which highlights the nature.
In the Cave Ghost have followed by pulling out fossils of all kinds though it is still necessary to have a sequence over time that will allow the dating to which period they belong.
In the standard 26 has been found a large concentration of elements arquepaleontológicos of if equids, foxes and rabbits as well as technology industries mousterian, which is evidence of human presence on the part of the neardentales.
For his part, the counselor of Culture of Castile and León, Javier Ortega, explained that the Board carries invested over seven million euros in the protection and dissemination of the archaeological sites of the Sierra de Atapuerca.