Jorge AguilarSEGUIRSusana AlcelaySEGUIRMadrid Updated: Save Send news by mail electrónicoTu name *
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The activity is without put in place in good part in tourism. The sector, whose losses this 2020 may exceed 83.000 million , brings together the majority of workers in ERTE. Despite the ending of the alarm condition and the reopening of borders, the tourism account since the beginning of July with 1.2 million affiliated to the Social Security am main s and 840.290 occupied still in a ERTE. That is to say, only have returned to the activity a little more than 50% of the workers who have been in a STRONG these past few months, a figure that rose to 1.73 million.
The engine of the Spanish economy remains galling just in the high season before the uncertainty of new flare-ups . And is that despite of the different health protocols developed and the Government’s effort to boost tourism, the demand continues to remain low. This cocktail does more than threaten the viability and employment in the sector. As well, the health crisis will lead to the tourism industry, the worst year in the history , even if within the same there are those who are suffering more than others.
The worst affected are the travel agencies and tour operators , where only 13% of employees who have been in a STRONG have been able to return to his job. This branch of tourism, it suffers from the lack of liquidity and the great effort made to address the refunds for bookings cancelled , since, despite the possibility of issuing a bond, this is only possible if there is the consent of the client.
This problem over the few reserves today are causing that there are still 32.157 people who work in an agency or tour operator in a situation of ERTE , a call to extend at least until the end of the year, and may reach even to the Holy Week of the year that comes. The option to lengthen until the end of this year it is a possibility that has moved the minister of Labour, Yolanda Diaz. But, as in this last extension, the agreement will depend on the social dialogue.
The same collapse suffer the airline , are still waiting to receive a strong stimulus from the Government. As the agencies, have had to deal with returns. In addition, the re-opening of borders in Europe is not having the desired effect and many aircraft remain on the ground. There are unirle that there are still many travel restrictions to countries outside of the EU. In this way, airlines have only been able to reinstate the 13% of the employees in ERTE, taking today 23.817 people still in that situation.
Hotels or 40%
The hotels also head up after the alarm state. Hoteliers, after closing their establishments, to put at the disposal of the health of their buildings and be the past in order to re-open, have only just taken up the activity. The paralysis of the tourism, even national, as Observatur the 40% of spaniards do not plan to travel during this summer, is causing many hotels to continue to closed in high season. Open would be “keep losing money”, they argue.
If the last year between July and September received 36 million overnight stays, the forecasts more promising for this summer and calculated that will be 19 million , slightly more than half. But one thing are the forecasts and reality. And is that during this month the estimates of occupation of the country’s main tourist destinations – Canary islands, the Balearic islands, Andalusia and Catalonia – do not reach even 40% in these moments.
The situation in each region varies. is In the Balearic islands estimate that you will arrive at 37% this month of July , while in August will be somewhat less, 34%. In Andalusia, on the coast of Cadiz and the Costa del Sol hoteliers expected in July, figures similar to those of the Balearic islands. However, they expect that in August there is a spike important, reaching more than 50%.
On a fork broad, 30 to 50% occupancy, move the hotels canaries . In the archipelago atlantic will vary the situation according to the island. As reported by this newspaper, in The islands of el Hierro and La Gomera is expected to overcome the 80% of the occupation thanks to local tourism.
The bad figures is registering Catalonia . First there were a few hotels that opened their doors after the confinement, and the occupation just is exceeding 20%. Results very both plain for a region that not many years ago had the reverse problem when they arrived en masse tourists in the summer. Now, the flare-ups of cases of coronavirus in Lleida and surroundings , not help stocks rebound.
As reported by ABC, in this situation the own hotel chains are trying to stir up and encourage the tourist demand with the discounts that can reach up to 35% . A few rebates that do not marry with the intent of the tourism to attract a customer to a higher spending and higher quality, so as to avoid episodes of vandalism that have occurred in recent years. In addition, voices from the sector question the viability of these price decreases, as the president of AC Hotels by Marriot, Antonio Catalan, who believes that “lowering prices is a direct way of ruin”.
The final bill for the hotel sector is that there is still 198.322 workers in a ERTE, while only have returned to the activity a 19% of the affected . This late return to the activity of the hotels has its consequences in the communities most tourist. On all the islands, that for its peculiarity at the time of being transported to the same and their dependence with the tourism cause that is where less people have come back from a FATE. Thus, in Balearic islands just have resumed the activity the 30% of people affected, while in Canary islands this figure rises to 40%. Both regions are located far from the Spanish average, 60%, and are the only ones, next to Madrid, which are below.
The other communities are more dependent on tourism also have a recovery lower with respect to the rest of the country . Thus, in Catalonia have been recovered to 61% of workers in ERTE, in Valencia 64% and in Andalusia, the 65%.
Bars and shops, half gas
The two activities related to tourism that best, that is not good, the numbers presented are the hospitality and trade . The first, which accounted for 22% of the ERTE presented by the crisis of the coronavirus, they were able to recover 62% of the affected. Yes, there are still 365.368 people in a STRONG , while the ghost of the destruction of thousands of jobs fly on the sector.
The retail trade , for its part, is who percentage-wise, has better numbers in regard to the recovery of workers engaged in an ERTE: 73%. The reopening of the stores after almost three months of total paralysis and the start of the summer sale boosted consumption. However, this rebound will not be worth for the shops running at 100%. That’s why, during the campaign sales there will not be just hiring. These will be reduced to employees who have to return the FATE.
But despite of that trade is the activity that the closer you are to retrieve the total number of employees, their situation remains critical. Thousands of companies are at risk of disappearing still . In addition, with the rebates, despite the fact that help them to give output to the stock accumulated, be billed a 25% less than last year, as already reported ABC.
The lack of liquidity is one of the major problems of the trade, which, like the rest of the tourism, continue to call for more aid to the Government. The great hope is placed in the bottom of the recovery impulse to the EU, where it is expected that a high percentage goes to tourism. However, the preferences and the interests of Spain have been somewhat diluted after failing to be chosen Nadia Calviño in as president of the Eurogroup.