Fernando R. LafuenteSEGUIR Updated: Save Send news by mail electrónicoTu name *

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October 30, 1956, in the Hotel d’orsay, Paris, Albert Camus, spoke of The Freedom party, a speech in homage to Salvador de Madariaga, to meet his seventy birthday. The event was organised by the republican Government in the Spanish exile. The celebration was completed with a concert of the Orfeón vasco Guernica and a recital of Maria Casares , in addition to words of Salvador de Madariaga under title 12 of October de Cervantes. Salvador de Madariaga and Red (Coruña, July 23, 1886-Locarno, December 14, 1978) was a diplomat and writer Spanish, minister in 1934 of Public Instruction and Fine Arts, and Justice of the Second Republic. Of thinking liberal and pro-european, he went into exile following the start of the Civil War in the United Kingdom.

Now the editorial Trifolium publishes the discourse of Camus, in Spanish and in its original French, with excellent translation of Armando Requeixo. , Was a festival of freedom. Camus did not hesitate to cite and condemn the recent and tragic events in Hungary with the entry of the soviet troops and the outrages of the franco dictatorship. This is called the equidistance of freedom. Or (h)any (h)other. Abnormalities policies in Europe. And to denounce the silence of a large part of the european intellectuals. To remember in the words of Nietzsche who figures as Madariaga “opted for the exile to be able to say the truth.” Camus denouncing “the accommodation of the intellectuals” ; the “intellectual insensitive, willing to justify any horror in the name of realism”. Proclaims that it is necessary to “exercise the thought to that inquiring both into the secrets of the world, such as in the rules of conduct is vital that it is necessary to assume”.

Intellectual firm

the Whole speech is dyed in a single word: freedom. It is the centre of the Europe liberal. The Europe that is built on the foundations of a tradition and that has in such names as the de Madariaga someone who “has shown us by his example that the intellectual sign can oppose the intellectual insensitive”. Defined him as “lord of letters” and “a comrade in the struggle.” That fight is none other than the freedom of the individual without adjectives, or added. Full, single, non-negotiable.

Camus did not hesitate to condemn the tragic events in Hungary and Spain

Describes what it considers to be a “general weakening” and remember as people like Madariaga, to the domain of academia and journalism by fellow travelers of the soviet regime, are doomed to “the kind of loneliness in living that we demand great lessons”. Not slogans, nor propaganda, nor repression. It is true, when Camus speaks of Madariaga, he speaks of himself, of the appeal to the intelligence, because the latter “without character is much worse than the most complete nonsense”.

Sovereignty and dignity

Camus gives a speech damn intellectual, as Hayeck, know that e l liberalism is enshrined more the intellectual than in the political. And that is the true battle. The of the ideas. As well, no doubt to emphasize how “the reverse side of the hatred is not the idealism of shy, but generous justice” wrapped in “the flag of freedom,” because “justice is lost in the hatred as rivers in the ocean”. Remember to Ortega and says that they are there in “the privileged place where the individual pound a combat without truce against the forces of the night in favor of life and liberty”, and an alert about an unparalleled paradox now, “our rebels have become hemiplegic”.

Is the Europe “without fear or hate” . Is very proud of having been, of being a contemporary of the honored and appeals to the great betrayal of Spanish, because “freedom is nothing without authority and authority without freedom is nothing more than the dream of the tyrant”. Madariaga, Ortega, Camus, Berlin, Popper, Aron make up, among many, that geography of a Europe that is liberal which is the underpinning intellectual of a fact inescapable: l sovereignty of the individual , and the recognition of the moral dignity of the person; that is to say, his freedom.