Euphorbia pulcherrima. The most beautiful spurge. You know the Plant: the poinsettia. To many he is considered the epitome of bourgeois. Nevertheless, to be sold since November in the world but million. Also I like the mass-produced goods is not much.
The Plant has no tolerance for maintenance errors. Cold water, cooler temperatures, fertilizer shortage and drafty air time rapidly serious damage. Not a few of the Christmas star from the supermarket were also maltreated with color spray. Of the year you are ruined, and end up in the trash. However, when we look at the healthy specimens. Elegantly shaped and of sheet, ornamental leaf veins leaves in dark Green, an attractive contrast to the colored, high-form leaves, called bracts, which make up the actual jewelry. Through breeding, the color range is now a wide range from classic Red to Pink and violet tones to shades of White. If it must be, it is also in two colors. The bracts sitting flowers are rather inconspicuous. As a short-tagblüher the poinsettia develops its bright colors only when he is at least twelve hours in absolute dark.
the home of The Christmas star is Latin America, where he can grow as a shrub a few metres high. The Aztecs used the milky juice to reduce fever. Pious Franciscan decorated with the beautiful leaves at Christmas, churches in new Spain. Europe became acquainted with the shrub, at the beginning of the 19th century. Century through to the travel-loving polymath Alexander von Humboldt. In the United States, the first North American Ambassador in Mexico, Joel Roberts Poinsett brought him to 1830; according to him, the Plant is called in the English-speaking world, even today, the poinsettia.
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However, the origin for the global success of a German world put improvers, emigrated in 1902 to California. The Magdeburg Teacher Adolf Corner. Hardworking, he built on his Ranch fruit and vegetables, cultivated stars, but at the same time, on the hills, wild-growing Christmas. To the Feast, he cut the beautiful leaves, tied them into bouquets and sold them to a wholesaler. The subsequent generations made from the well-known business run a thriving business. You overcame flower the exclusive use as a Cut and marketed the poinsettia as a potted plant. Breeding successes in the 1950s left him in Stature and color, handsome, even at room temperature. Vigorous root cuttings from the greenhouses have been associated with air freight all over the world. At the same time, the family corner, turned the poinsettia into a media Star; since the 1960s their plants decorated at Christmas time in the White house, and countless television studios. Even before the Millennium turn of the genetic engineering. In the California home of a research laboratory. The greenhouses were moved to the rain forest of Guatemala, in order to reduce the rising cost pressure. In good years, sold corner over 100 million cuttings. Meanwhile, the company belongs to an international conglomerate. The greenhouses are now relocated to El Salvador. The Christmas star illustrates the fierce competition of a global plant industry.