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The human species became the huntress to the couple that scavenger to get the food that shaped a good part of their diet for more than two and a half million years. The first social groupings, of human hunter-gatherers practiced a subsistence whaling that, we could consider from a current perspective, meant a rational and sustainable use of the hunting species on which to exercise their lances. Until that time, we can consider that the hominids just might cause an impact to take into account among the animal population. Small communities of hunter-gatherers, in the Neolithic period, about ten thousand years ago, these settlements ceased to be nomads and became sedentary, starting an agricultural practice continued and, simultaneously, the confinement of animals that were the subject of domestication, as well as the obtaining of resources various from forests and other mass vegetable , which led to a significant growth of these human groups. And it is from this time when it initiates an alteration of the environment of the planet, which, coupled with various climatic factors , has caused a radical change in this, which today has been further altered by reason of a industrial progress and energy excessive.
On the historical evolution, man has designed and adapted a management of species for your use hunting according to the territory and the diversity of these existing in the ecosystem. In very different ways, the different civilizations and peoples have left a record, through fossil and archaeological remains that demonstrate a close link between resource exploitation, hunting and the conservation of certain species of plants and animals linked to them, the preservation of ecosystems specific where dwell these species considered hunting to be able to exercise the natural right to hunt. Proven sustainability as a essential reason for hunting. There will be hunting if before a certain year of this, quantified in quantity and quality, is able to autorregenerarse of continuous, spontaneous and natural, or, in its defect, with the control and aid of man, in order not to interrupt or break the cycle of hunting and allow the presence of a balanced number of animals tolerated by the territory and the ecosystems that receive them.
The hunters european
Since this approach is essential to understand the function of the hunt as a balancing required of the biodiversity , we find that Europe is the continent on which the hunters have been concerned throughout their historical destiny in preserving the habitat of the taxonomic groups in which we can frame the vast majority of mammal and bird species considered to be pieces of interest hunting.
In the hands of the hunting industry is the environmental management and of hunting species of a large expanse of land in Spain, which, according to the Magrama, 2012, is of more than 31 million hectares, as identified through reserves and game reserves. Against this background, appear as major players involved in the management of their owners, the social associations of hunters, and, finally, the public Administration, actors that are expanding their responsible role in the conservation of the species and the environmental balance of these territorial frameworks.
The hunter should take pains to care for the natural environment
outside of the question socio-economic , of great importance in the rural areas of some of our autonomous communities, the significance of the hunting is due to be a natural right arcane of man. Perhaps the most ancient of rights, and builder of the first rules among human groups. It was also the source of the first religious practices.
One of the essential features and genuine exercise hunting, transmitted and compiled through the centuries, has been its regulation as a guarantor of the maintenance of the territories dedicated to the hunting and the animal species of interest to do this. In Spain, as is well known, the transfer of powers on management of hunting corresponds to the different regions of spain, setting up a legal framework very different and something dispersed that makes it difficult to assimilation and to the exercise of this between hunters from other communities different from your home address.
The hunting, as a necessary element for the development of a process balancing the ecology of the hunting species which in turn is compatible with an effective model of sustainability of the ecosystem and of the territory, requires you to establish effective mechanisms of dialogue and collaboration among those elements which participate in the management venatoria , with a vision that is distinctly inclusive and multidisciplinary, able to put to your disposition all the resources at your fingertips to be able to fix the threats so dormant that today hover over it and deal successfully with the challenges to address the future of its existence. A good practice of hunting carries with it an integral management of the habitat to facilitate the viability of populations of species of smaller game and more. The hunter has to ensure the purity and genetic integrity of the ecotype of the species in relation to their geographical framework for territorial, and that means to also strive with dedication in the conservation of the natural environment characteristic of the area.
Aspects such as land management, the agricultural use of the habitat with plantings of various crops, changes of use, fallowing of the land, the care and maintenance of bushes on sidewalks and adjoining, supply of food and water through the provision of feeders and drinkers to the effect, is control predators of the species cazables with methods that are completely legal… impact on the native wildlife of the territory if they are carried out in a rational manner and according to plans adequate technical, benefiting both the game as a non game. The loss of traditional crops, incorporation of cultural landscapes typical of our agriculture, is leading to a low density of game species less important, favoring an excessive growth of ungulates such as wild boar, with the consequent damage that this causes. The balance seems broken at this time between species. Some of these measures are subject to dispute and are bandied about in the latent conflicts between hunters and other groups.
hunting not only has a marked interest for the man as a partner necessary in the conservation of the biodiversity of the territory, it also plays a very important role as a regulator health of certain species of against certain diseases and to preserve the genetic purity of species in a close link with its territory, moving away pollution from trees with a different genetic profile. Normally it would cause a genetic introgression, with the clear involvement of individuals indigenous, with the clear trend towards its eradication. In parallel, we can find phenomena of a certain degree of hybridization in small groups of the population of quail native to the japanese.
The hunter and their associations have to comply mainly with the role of benefactors of the territory of hunting, according to a careful conservation of game species and ecological balance and sustainable of biodiversity. But do not have to be alone in this task. Today it is necessary to the integration of groups of specialist multidisciplinary teams in an effective game-management that foster a deep reflection on its necessary preservation as a taxpayer, necessary for the sustainability of the environment and that would help to recover a large extent, the dynamism that has been lost in the rural traditional.