The Nobel prize in physics was awarded Tuesday to three researchers, including the French Gérard Mourou, for their research on the lasers that have enabled the development of tools used in industry and medicine. The award is for half the American Arthur Ashkin and for the other half Gérard Mourou and Canadian Donna Strickland. Their discoveries have “revolutionized the field of laser physics” and design, “precision instruments and advanced which open up fields unexplored, research and a multitude of applications in industry and medicine,” said the royal Swedish Academy of sciences in Stockholm.

Science and the Future explains that the American Arthur Ashkin working on “optical tweezers” where the lasers operate on the spheres to move or put in motion. A tool that ” provides researchers the possibility of manipulating the living to the nanometer scale without damaging it “, writes the magazine.

As for the French Gérard Mourou and Canadian Donna Strickland, their work is focused on the generation of ultra-short pulses and high-density with a laser.

the Third woman rewarded

in Addition to their contribution to the physics of the vacuum or black holes, the work of the two scientists have a license to operate in millions of people in the world suffering from myopia or cataract. Joined shortly after the announcement, Donna Strickland, professor at the university of Rochester in the United States, was honored by the Nobel prize of physics, only two women have received before it since its creation in 1901. “I thought that it would have been easier to honor women in physics, we are where we are today and I hope that with time, things will go faster “, she responded. Before it, only Marie Curie – who also received the Nobel in chemistry in 1911 – rewarded in 1903 with her husband Pierre and Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963 were decorated by the academy.

The medicine has opened the dance of the Nobel 2018 Monday with the coronation of a duo of researchers in a japanese-american, James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo, rewarded for their work on the body’s ability to defend against the cancers that are virulent as lung cancer and melanoma. Follow chemistry on Wednesday and the economy Monday, October 8. The winner of the Nobel peace prize will be announced Friday in Oslo. For the first time since 1949, the announcement of the literature prize has been postponed for a year by the Swedish Academy, enferrée in internal divisions and the departure of several members preventing it from functioning normally.

On the same subject, The Nobel prize of medicine, the American James P. Allison and the Japanese Tasuku Honjo