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The town Hall Goat (Córdoba) has spent eight years investing in the archaeological site of Cerro de la Merced to bring in value and make visiting a palace iberian of 2,400 years ago, which has resulted in lowering its height to four metres from its original height.
Fernando Quesada , professor of Archaeology of the Autonomous University of Madrid, responsible for the excavation and musealisation of the site, the effort has been just the reverse of that which the welsh people who describe the movie “The englishman who went up a hill but came down a mountain” (Christopher Monger, 1995).
The obstinacy in this case, explains to the municipal corporation egabrense in his first institutional visit to the place, instead of raising the hill twenty feet that you were missing on the tape to be able to be considered a mountain, the first mountain of Wales in the fiction based on real facts, has been to reduce the elevation to uncover the remains of “a structure that was intended to be seen”.
For centuries, what was in that hill was the remains of a watchtower of the time of Hannibal , the end of the III century, when in fact it was muslim, between the centuries X and XI.
From this tower, “we have removed the few traces that had to be able to explain the palace iberian “, says during the visit Quesada, which takes you from 1985 in the Subbética cordobesa studying the deposits iberians, especially the significant Hill of the Cross, of Almedinilla.
it is Precisely your relationship with him and with the also archaeologist To ntonio Moreno, director of the Municipal Museum of the Goat, was the determining factor for which this jewel iberian is a year of becoming a city attraction egrabrense.
Moreno insisted that it was these stones that emerged from the earth next to the remains of the watchtower that could be seen from the road between Cabra and Priego de Córdoba. “We started to make the topography with the stones that were seen and I realized that tower, nothing”, says Efe.
The size of the stones and the placement of the sticking on the different parts of the hill and showed them to her expert eyes that under this mound was hiding what it has been verified that it is “one of the main referents in the world iberian in the whole of Andalusia”, according to the mayor of Goat, Fernando Priego (PP).
the Council bought The Cerro de la Merced in 2009, before knowing his true archaeological dimension, and since 2012 holds a strong bet that Priego worth around a million euros in these eight years, in what has become, emphasized to Efe, in a “authentic pride”, in “further progress in the excavation and funding and betting on the recovery of the archaeological heritage”, that already enriches the Archaeological Museum of the city and which is intended to interact when it is open to the public the site.
the antecedent of The palace iberian is marked by the remains of a beam is burned, and few seeds are to the mid-fourth century to early fifth before Christ, which appeared in a square of fifteen feet on a side, in a building that had a large courtyard paved with large slabs of stone of stone a meter in length with three rooms to the fund, Quesada attributes it to “a possible sanctuary”, with all preventions of the use of the term 2,400 years later.
the original construction, to which the first sun of the day shining through the door, “backed with on the outside a wall cyclopean, are compartmentalized in the interior with walls, doors, and a large patio, rises a second plant, resulting in a complex, aristocratic”.
In it to grind wheat, have been found weights of loom, “demonstrating to ctividad textile “, weapons, items of clothing and pottery, different types of local and imported, which makes it clear that it was “a centre of local power or local”.
The building features a “geometry spotless rooms” which you can see on the itinerary of the visit, measures to the centimeter,” says Quesada, so that “the size of each room is identical”.
The building is on a horizontal platform which serves as an area of service and representation with a perimeter stays high.
Toward the end of the war of Hannibal or the largest uprisings on the peninsula against the roman conquest, the complex was demolished and in the following decades is ‘squatted’, becoming the “house of fortune”, and the little time left, until in the SEVENTEENTH century, the burglars drilled a tunnel looking for a imaginary treasure of the moors when the Hapsburgs decide on their expulsion, what it has been possible to date because one of them dropped a coin of fleece with four reprints that archaeologists have found three centuries later.
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