It is worthy exhibition of the year is the end: No style is so closely linked with Christmas, such as the Gothic. The Look in the Paderborn Cathedral Museum brings the necessary Flair and raises a fundamental question: If in every German city at least a Gothic Church, and this style supposedly originates from France, how is it, then, that these churches look so different, but especially in French?
editor in the features section.
F. A. Z.
the example of the Paderborn Cathedral and its for the exhibition reconstructed the choir will be given barrier, the convincing answer: because in Germany, there are virtually no Gothic construction from the ground up, but all the churches Existing, remodel or new forms of Old. And because while in the heyday of the Gothic all the master builders to France to squint, but only very partially French quote. You can imagine it as the fashion in Germany in the Fifties: Dior and Chanel are the admired model, the approach in the cut and elegance of clothes as far as possible; nevertheless, something recognizable, Own, German.
The 1215 started today’s Paderborn Cathedral is regarded as a Gothic building, on closer Inspection, many of the antiquated forms and adaptations, however, to the Existing. In the Navy submerged the first room, true to Goethe’s idea of sunk treasures, illustrates the Thesis of the powerful Bishop Imad of the eleventh century: on the left, his mighty stone sarcophagus in which it rested in the Cathedral choir and later, a nobleman in a direct line be buried, so that the sanctity of the revered Church of man abstrahle even in the death on him. The rear of the hall a huge, printed on paper, reconstruction of the Imad-Cathedral of 1068, which was in a different Form, for the Gothic new building of a model prison. Always a seamless continuity should already be in the building Outside of the memory model to maintain-like predecessor, – Memoria and Tradition went in front of Innovation.
A weightless body
However, Gothic architecture is something completely New. She builds instead of the space volumes of the Romanesque open and weightless delicacy. But how French forms of all, for Germany found here and adapted, shows the Look at pattern books and cracks on parchment. The Builder had to not be a memory monster, rather, you could take the role models everywhere. The most famous medieval pattern-book, for example, that of Villard de Honnecourt, has the same number of motifs, the fighters in the Cathedral of Paderborn, and in this the relatives of churches on the capitals in the Form of a Ring, a dragon, or scenes from Aesop’s fable of the world, such as the crane’s head in a jar à la Michel from Lönneberga remarkably similar.
This fixation of Gothic architectural forms perfected on parchment, as it shows the exhibition on the basis of the famous Rheims Palimpsestes, as well as an intricate drawing of the architect of weightlessness, Matthäus Ensinger, is also the reason why in breakneck speed all the areas of artistic design, such as gold wrought and things of everyday use “it has”. Once on the solid Basis of ratios, constructed shapes were arbitrary, both in the millimeter range, as well as the hundred-meter-room of a tower scalable: on a glass window from the Strasbourg Dominican Church is to be seen in gorgeous red hot Background with a finely carved Gothic Pinnacle to the current Meter of the window, the world has, however, represents just a quarter of the original amount, which was certainly brought from a small scale drawing on this monumental Format. Also to be found on the two views of the exhibition, the gold-plated reliquaries of Pamplona and Aachen from the fourteenth century, catchers, Details how very alive-looking dragon-gargoyle and micro-Maßwerke, which measure only a few millimeters. The Golden miniature architecture of Pamplona-Shrine extends over the scene of the three women at the tomb of Christ, on the expanded and multiple overlapping towel ends in front of the sarcophagus, neither are forget a mm measuring cube and a doll’s house drinking vessels of Roman soldiers and their Romanesque pot helmets, or the Eyelets of your armor.