Rosalia SánchezSEGUIRCorresponsal in Berlin Updated: Save Send news by mail electrónicoTu name *
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The German government has decided to invest in the national economy 1.3 billion , unprecedented momentum that implies a rain of million on companies and households to cope with the recession. The automotive , which is already going through a critical time before the pandemic, however, practically out of the aid programme. In place of the plan renove widespread that called for the sector, the government has limited incentives to purchase electric models , discriminating as well, the bulk of the production, and the Friday, loaded in addition to new taxes on the purchase of any car with a combustion engine, which is a boon added to the manufacturers.
“The new tax should provide an incentive to choose a car more eco-friendly, no prohibitions or penalties, to buy a new car”, has been drafted by the Ministry of Finance in its bill. In addition to the ability to the cube of the vehicle, there will be a component of climate more strict based on the fuel consumption and, therefore, on CO2 emissions that increases in six steps from 2 to 4 euros per gram of carbon dioxide per kilometre. This means that from the CO2 emissions of 116 grams per kilometre, the tax increases from just a few euros more per year up to more than 100 euros. Nothing changes for a Opel Corsa with CO2 emissions of 95 grams, for example, but a sporty as the Ferrari 812 with 340 grams of carbon dioxide per kilometer, will increase by € 350 a year. “From our point of view, there can be incentives to purchase cars with a combustion engine”, has justified Norbert Walter-Borjans , co-chair of the social Democratic Party (SPD), the only party of the grand coalition that refused to allow the package of 5,000 million intended to boost this sector to support it in a generalized way to all engines.
These new obstacles arrive after the Supreme has been sentenced to Volkswagen to buy back vehicles, hot rods and muscle it is known that the former president of Audi, Rupert Stadler, will be judged in the autumn by the dieselgate. Orders to factories fell by 25.8% in April, after a fall of 15% in march and the pandemic has given to the fret with the costly recovery plans, the big manufacturers had put in place.
orders to factories plunged 25.8% in April after having fallen 15% in march
But the situation affects in a greater extent to the lush fabric suppliers . The manufacturer of rear view mirrors, Flaberg of Nürnberg and the group of Poppe-Veritas-Gruppe Hesse are the two latest companies to file for bankruptcy. ZF Friedrichshafen has announced the 15,000 redundancies. According to a survey of Berlin Civey to Automobilwoche, 56% of the executives in the industry do not expect the number of employees to return to the previous level to the coronavirus , which was about 800,000 direct jobs of work. Only 25% you can imagine a new miracle of work.
The CEO of Continental, Elmar Degenhart, waiting drastic consequences . “The difficult structural change of the scanning systems, electric mobility and attendance impossible for many small companies,” he warns, “and in addition comes a crisis of market that we saw from the thirties. If there is a significant recovery in the european market in the summer, we fear a rain of bankruptcy … you have to realize that electric cars and hybrids have a market share of 8%, so the impact will be very limited”. “Our industry has suffered a cardiac arrest in Europe,” he insists, “and that’s not remedied with a high dose of vitamin C, but that requires a defibrillator”. Degenhart not considered that there might be a complete change from combustion engines to alternative up to 2040.
The aid will drive the electric car, with subsidies for purchase of 3,000 euros for hybrids, 6,000 for electric and tax exemptions up to 2030, but electric cars accounted for just 1.8% of new registrations last year . Until deputies environmentalists such as Stefan Schmidt have criticized these bonuses for “insufficient”, as well as the fiscal reform by “too shy”. “We are talking about amounts that are not crucial to the pockets. I don’t know if it will survive the industry, but I dare to ensure that this is not going to be the electric car”.
“have Not thought of good.
If the auto industry stumbles, entire regions of Germany will collapse “, warns the head of the union IG Metall, Jörg Hofmann , “90% of the industry employees work in vehicles with combustion engines and one out of every four euros of industrial value added is directly dependent on this sector. And that doesn’t count the millions of artisans, retailers or restaurants that depend on the purchasing power of the people who work in it. We have secured well to those who work for the manufacturers through collective agreements. But those who work for providers are particularly at risk.
Around 10% of the business is already in serious danger of bankruptcy . This affects more than 100,000 employees could quickly go to the unemployment”.