While the year 2022 broke all records by becoming the hottest year in France, one wonders what the summer of 2023 and the years to come have in store for us. The hot winds coming from the Maghreb and having already affected Spain, are coming straight towards France and much higher than normal temperatures are expected in mainland France for this summer. A heat wave that will cause fires and drought.

Restrictions concerning the latter have already been put in place. Indeed, because of the severe drought already present on French territory, some municipalities have taken decisions to be able to make water restrictions. For example, in some departments, it is forbidden to water your garden or vegetable patch between certain time slots, or even prohibited entirely. There are also many municipalities that have implemented financial penalties against those who fill their swimming pool.

Today, as the Minister of Ecological Transition Christophe Béchu said in a document published in the Journal Du Dimanche: “We must prepare our country for a temperature change of 4 degrees”.

Questioned by our colleagues, the minister who will unveil the government’s plan to adapt to global warming next Tuesday, May 23, explains to us why we are talking about a 4°C scenario: “This is confirmed by the latest work of IPCC experts: if all the States of the world do not step up their efforts to further reduce their emissions, we are heading towards a warming of 2.8 and 3.2 degrees in 2100 on average at the global level, which corresponds 4 degrees for France because Europe is warming up faster,” he says.

More and more water shortages are to be expected between now and 2100 in view of the periods of exceptional drought which will become longer as the years go by. Measures to counter these shortages are currently being discussed and will be implemented in the coming years. But what strategy will be decided by the Government? We will have to wait until Tuesday to find out.

The latter will mainly tell us the means that will be put in place to adapt French infrastructures to global warming, and therefore to “build a model of resilience as close as possible to the realities on the ground and to avoid mal-adaptation”, as reported. the Minister for Ecological Transition.