Three years after the historic agreement at the Paris climate agreement have almost decided 200 countries common rules for practical implementation. The head of the UN climate change conference in Poland, Michal Kurtyka, sealed the compromise of the plenary on Saturday in Katowice (Katowice) with a hammer. The goal of the agreement is to limit global warming to well below two degrees. The emissions of greenhouse gases must be reduced from the combustion of coal and Oil in the coming years drastically.
representatives from 196 countries and the EU, had struggled in Poland for two weeks the rules according to which States in the future about their plans and progress in climate protection reports. Comparability and transparency are important, given that the Paris agreement is based on mutual trust and sanctions is not provided for, if countries are to move forward. Especially the peer pressure to keep everyone on course.
pushing The time: The years 2015 to 2018 weather organization according to analyses of the World, the four warmest since records began in the 19th century. Century. And the 20 warmest were in the past 22 years. It goes on as in the past, we live at the end of this century, probably in a three to four degree warmer world. The fatal consequences depending on the Region: more heat waves, longer droughts, and more storms, rain, strong and high water.
Kurtyka, in the climate negotiations, it is a matter not of national interests but a sense of humanity, and the responsibility for future generations. The decisions were “1000 small steps forward. You can be proud of.“
The negotiations are supposed to end on Friday, was up through the night. Meetings were repeatedly postponed. The decision was finally made until a whole day later – what is the climate summit, but nothing out of the ordinary.
Controversial issues around financial aid from the richer countries to the poorer. The climate-change vulnerable countries had also demanded a clear Signal that it needs greater efforts in climate protection, in order to limit the dramatic consequences. Until recently, there was also Anger the international trade in pollution rights.