Tensions in the Himalayas – Two nuclear powers fighting over a mountain since 1975, the Chinese border is along the Indian-not a soldier has been shot and killed. Now, the conflict between Beijing and Delhi, a controversial area in the Himalayas is rekindled.Lea Deuber, Arne Perras0 KommentareDie concern is growing in Indian soldiers near the Chinese border. Photo: Desmond Boylan (Reuters)

In times of Cyber-attacks and nuclear armament in the clash along the Indian-Chinese border line was in the Himalayas with a simple and archaic. With bare fists tract soldiers of both sides to each other, a few stones were to be flown also. At the beginning of may it had come to this hands-on encounter in the heights of the Himalayas. However, the mass brawls have hardly contributed to the dispute around the lake Pangong Tso to settle. On the contrary, in the course of the month, tensions have increased around the re-kindling of a border dispute between Beijing and Delhi, the restlessness grows.

India’s Prime Minister Narendra modi gathered generals and his security Advisor Ajit Doval on Tuesday for a crisis meeting, the talks revolved according to Indian media reports, in order to “India’s military readiness,” the news Agency PTI quoted an anonymous government source with the sentence: “China’s strategy of military pressure on India to exercise, not work.” China’s head of state Xi Jinping said, in turn, on the same day that his country would increase the willingness to armed struggle, to designate, without, however, explicitly, the tensions in the Himalayas. Shortly before a spokesman for the Chinese foreign Ministry had stressed that the country will represent a “consistent and clear” in the border conflict and it is the duty of the Chinese army to defend China’s territories and national sovereignty.

Controversial border

The Arena is located in 4000 meters of altitude in Ladakh, a high plateau, the India for a long time as a part of Kashmir claimed, but then in 2019, in a so-called Union territory of the monument, which has been administered directly from Delhi. China controlled East of Ladakh, the territory of Aksai Chin, also of this territory, on the Western edge of Tibet, belongs to the reading in Delhi India. The border is not only here, but at many points in the Himalaya are controversial, which is mainly due to the fact that the former colonial power great Britain in unclear circumstances in the Region left behind. The two sides currently tolerated over the course of the border known as the Line of Actual Control.

India and China have each other, was later accused each other of provoking the other side by the allegedly improper patrols and Crossings of the disputed border line. But the governments in the past decades, always to prevent a bloodshed. Since 1975, no longer a soldier along the Indian had been shot by the Chinese border. Nevertheless, the shame of a lost border war in 1962, sits in India and China is low, and the Indian exile of the Dalai Lama out of China claimed Tibet keeps alive, in turn, the suspicion of Beijing.

In the case of the brawls at the 5. May have been hurt up to 250 soldiers. It is the worst border crisis since 2017, when the troops of China and India in Doklam, close to the Kingdom of Bhutan, were. 73 days stopped the confrontation before Xi and modi defused through talks. They last took place in the Chinese city of Wuhan before the Virus was raging there.

To fight the fist came to China an Indian patrol as a provocation to classify.

a Particularly sustainable form of conflict management seems to be at the time, not have been, because only three years later, in the middle of the Corona-crisis, together, have the two nuclear powers once again. To fight the fist in may, it came as China an Indian patrol on the North side of the snake-shaped Pangong lake as a provocation to classify. It is about serious fisticuffs went out, not is agreements is due to contain also the promise of both sides to renounce to the settlement of the border conflicts on the force of arms.

Nobody wants to

now, However, becoming increasingly clear: neither side seems to want to give in, both the Chinese and the Indian government have fueled in the past few years, nationalist feelings for domestic political purposes, no side wants to convey in the mountains the impression that she breaks. India Today reported on Wednesday about the alleged transfer of 5000 Chinese soldiers to Ladakh. India would follow suit, if China is to increase the number of its troops, it was stated in press reports from new Delhi. Reuters quoted an Indian government spokesman, who said that on both sides of the defense systems in the Region would be built. Chinese Trucks are to transport the Material in the Region – an indication that Beijing could adjust to a longer conflict.

As the voltages were not as big: A Chinese and an Indian soldier at the border crossing Nathu La.Photo: Diptendu Dutta (AFP)

it is striking that China’s state media has been significantly restrained. Beijing followed in the Corona, with the crisis in an aggressive foreign policy, threatening and sanctioned countries, which criticize the government for its crisis management. Compared to India, the government is holding back, but at least verbally. Only the state-run “Global Times” published a report, spoke of several “illegal defenses” that have built in India and in Chinese territory ranged. The defence forces had no other Option than to respond with movements of troops. India would bear the responsibility for the risk of an escalation.

“Why is this happening now?”

Indian military analysts have raised already in the middle of may the question of timing: The retired Indian General Ajay spoke of the “aggressive end maneuvers” of the Chinese military in the Himalayas, reminiscent of the behavior of the Chinese fleet in the South China sea grace. In the light of the Corona-crisis, intends to act, China’s leadership is neither in the country nor abroad is weak, he says. The newspaper “Financial Express” quoted the Indian security expert Ajey Lele with the words: “Why is this happening now, in the midst of the Covid-19-crisis?” Lele thinks that it is possible that China wool to test the resolve of the Indian military, now that Delhi is so busy with the Coronavirus. And the former Indian Diplomat Phunchok Stobdan warns in the “Indian Express” before that, China wool to push back the Indian armed forces further West, in order to be closer to the strategically important Siachen glacier and come closer to the Indian and Pakistani troops have observed.

66 new roads

Beijing, in turn, had practiced earlier criticism of the construction of an Indian street close to the lake and, in turn, the number of patrol boats on the lake tripled. These projects – by 2020, at least 66 new roads along the border – are a response of India to China’s numerous infrastructure projects in the framework of its Initiative of the New silk road. Beijing to expand its influence in South Asia and Southeast Asia, often in regions which has viewed India as long as its exclusive backyard.

A road in the vicinity of the Galwan valley also serves as a connection to the military airfield Daulat Beg Oldi, which was opened in October. The Route runs along the border and should have made Beijing particularly furious. “Today, when we expand our infrastructure slowly until the Line of Actual Control, the Chinese impression of a threat,” said the former Indian foreign Secretary of state Nirupama Rao. And Xi Jinping is a Hardliner in all questions of territorial claims and sovereignty.

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