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In the novel “Alice through the looking glass” from Lewis Carroll the inhabitants of the country of the Red Queen must run as fast as you can to stay where they are, because the country is moving with them.
this novel emerged precisely the simile of the hypothesis of the Red Queen , a theory that proposes that organisms need to adapt, evolve and proliferate constantly in order to survive. In other words, there is a need for a process of continuous adaptation to maintain the status quo with the environment.
This theory was proposed nearly fifty years ago by the evolutionary biologist Leigh Van Valen (1935-2010) as a solution to the law of Extinction, also made by him.