Roberto PérezSEGUIR Updated: Save Send news by mail electrónicoTu name *
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Spain has been surprised again by an economic crisis with a record number of workers on the payroll of the public administration . It happened in 2008 and it has happened again now, after the outbreak of the crisis of the coronavirus. And all this after years in which it has shot the number of agency staff.
In 2010, when the recession was placed at the edge of the cliff, the public accounts of Spain, the Administration was forced to put on a diet expenses. One of the consequences was the cut of templates: the public employment began to decrease in 2011, but just three years later it was back. And has not ceased to grow strongly since then, so that now Spain is once again in the figures of record.
According to the Survey of Active Population (EPA), when most public employees were in our country was at the end of 2011, when it reached 3.3 million wage-earners; now, the public sector has 3.25 million workers , but with a substantial difference with regard to 2011: now, there are many more acting and less race officials .
The Spanish government has broken all its records of agency staff: around 900,000 , according to the last three EPA. The first quarter of the year amounted to the figure of interim 892.800, following a rise that has been occurring for years, in a sustained manner. In the first quarter of 2013 had 559.700 caretaker in the Spanish public sector, two years after they were already 622.500, in the first quarter of 2017 had risen to 686.100, at the beginning of 2019 the figure reached 862.800, and in this past year, the administrations in spain have gained with another 30,000 interim. In total, in seven years, 333,000, or more.
It comes in squares that the Administration deals with hired temporary, instead of covering them career public employees who have obtained a post in the property after the corresponding selection process . The rules state that the posts covered by interim should be an exceptional circumstance and fleeting. Among other things, to ensure that the public employment is staffed with career personnel, by opposition, by ensuring the principles of equality, merit and ability in the access to the Administration.
however, the Spanish public sector transits now also in rates record of temporality. Not only is it now when caretaker is in absolute number, but the proportion they represent of the total workforce of the Administration go ballistic in rates of record: seven years ago, after getting “on a diet” the public sector, the interim accounted for 19% of all their employees; they are now 27.5%.
Data for communities
The regional governments are leaders in the field. Among other things, because the regional administrations are, by far, the largest part of public employment in Spain. And also of the caretaker.
Counting the employees in the service of all the administrations (the peripheral state, the local and the regional as appropriate), nearly all regions have a rate of temporary public employment is greater than 25%. Five exceed 30%, and an, the Basque Country, nearly 40% . In ranking the leading Navarre, with a temporary employment rate of public employment 33.3%; Canary islands, 34%); Extremadura, With 35.1%; Cantabria, 36,3% and the Basque Country, with 38.7%.
in Front of the voices of economists who warn of the high public deficit in which it is installed in Spain, and of the risk posed by the constant increase in the structural costs of the Administration, from the trade unions defend the increase in public employment has occurred, to recover the templates due to the cuts applied in the previous crisis.
The secretary of Public Policies of the Federation of citizen Services of CCOO, Miriam Pinillos , considered that the high rate of temporary that is given now is a direct result of that “recovery of public employment which was lost”. Remember the agreements reached between the unions and the Administration in 2017 and 2018 for the improvement of public employment, which included reducing the temporary employment below 8% . The problem -explains Pinillos – is that the positions have been endowed with agency staff at the expected from a public employment offers that the Administration is not carrying out.
In a similar sense affects Francisco Lama, national secretary of trade Union Action of CSIF . “Three years have passed since the signing of the first agreement to reduce the rate of temporary employment and, to this day, are still pending the execution of 80% of the selective processes that should have been called with the corresponding offers of public employment”.
“There is a excessive rate of temporary employment caused by the public administrations, and they are the ones who have to correct it” says Francisco Lama. And defends the stability of public employment as one of the guarantees of the services provided to the citizens. “When more are needed public services when they are most note that precariousness, as has happened with the working conditions in which it has had to respond to the public Health in the pandemic of coronavirus”.
57%, in the pay of the autonomies
The greater part of public employment in Spanish depends on the regional governments. According to the Survey of Active Population (EPA), autonomous administrations account for 56.8% of all public workers in our country , while 20% depend on the local administrations (municipalities, provincial councils, councils and inter-island councils), only 18% are employees of the central Administration and of the Security, and around 5% are employees of entities related to the different administrations.
The chunky template of the regions is directly related to the health and education public , two great services very intensive on staff and are the responsibility of the regional administrations.
Since the first quarter of 2014, the autonomous communities have expanded their templates 15.5% -have been joined by others 247.400 employees, according to the EPA-. Local entities have gained 7.7%, and 5% of the central Administration and Social Security.