Proud to be a Capricorn – The return of the king of the Alps in front of a hundred Jahren300 Capricorns are living in a national Park in the Engadine. Almost the animals of the century would be turning in Switzerland have been eradicated. Smugglers prevented this.0 comment Capricorns are again to be found in different regions of the Canton of Graubünden. These animals were photographed at the Montalin above Chur (archive picture).Photo: Keystone

a hair, the proud coat of arms of the Canton would be the Grisons almost been eradicated. But then poachers smuggled the Alpine ibex from Italy back to Switzerland.

This reintroduction of the king of the Alps, marks the anniversary next Saturday for the 100. How the Swiss national Park called on Wednesday, in a communication in memory. Today, about 300 ibex live in the national Park in the Engadine. On the whole, international Alpine ridge is expected to stay around 40’000 animals.

All of these wild animals come from the rest of the population in the hunting area of the Italian kings, on the Gran Paradiso in the North-West of the country. This means that the genetic diversity in the present-day ibexes relatively low, writes to the national Park. How this would have an impact on the Population, was not yet known.

Several reasons for the almost total extinction of the ibex led. The advent of firearms in the 16th century. Century led to a more intensive hunting, forests had to pastures soft. And, the played but think a role.

Almost every part of the body of the ibex is a healing attributed to the end effect. Have been used the blood, the bone marrow and the spleen, as well as the horns. In Grisons, the Capricorn around 1640, although had previously been a hunting ban was gone. In 1809, was killed in the Canton of Valais the last ibex.

brass band music for the reception

some of the animals in the territory of the Gran Paradiso in the North of Italy had Survived. The Italian king Emanuele II. cared personally for their protection. He showed no willingness to put in the course of the resettlement of Switzerland animals available for breeding.

An image from the early 1920s, from the Transport of young ibex in the Val Cluozza in the Swiss national Park.Photo: SNP

poachers have been hired, therefore, writes in the national Park. In 1906 they had smuggled in at the risk of life stone bockkitze from the Gran Paradiso in Switzerland. And bred the animals were reared at the wildlife Park Peter and Paul in St. Gallen. First suspensions in the st. Gallic Weisstannental and the Piz Ela, in Central Grisons, were unsuccessful.

On the 19. June 1920 arrived in seven boxes, with the ibex in Zernez, in the Engadin. The reception at the train station, a brass band and a large crowd accompanied. Some animals moved away after the release, the bucks were poached. A couple of goats settled on the Piz Albris near Pontresina. They gave according to the national parks of the impetus for the creation of the homonymous colony.


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