Particle physics: The Cern is planning the next large accelerator

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    The European organization for nuclear research, Cern, has yesterday presented the technical Details for a planned successor to the currently most powerful particle accelerator, the LHC (Large Hadron Collider). The “Future Circular Collider” (FCC) to allow a continuation of the research, which is currently operated at the LHC at higher energies. So, the LHC will have exhausted after another for 2026 planned increase in its luminosity – the number of particle collisions per period to 2035 to be Potential for further discoveries.

    Sibylle Anderl

    editor in the features section.

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    The LHC, in its 27 km long accelerator ring is located in the vicinity of Geneva, had been able to prove in 2012, the Higgs Boson as the last one still missing particle of the standard model, whose theoretical prediction in 2013, the physics say the Nobel prize was awarded to Peter Higgs and Francois Englert. Since then, no new particles were at the LHC, however, have been sighted – much to the Regret of the particle physicists, who had cited as a Motivation for the construction of the LHC, the search for particles beyond the standard model, such as supersymmetric particles, or candidates for the mysterious Dark matter.

    the hope of The physicists is that such discoveries could succeed at higher energies, to be able to open – ended questions in the currently established theories of the micro-and the macro-cosmos to answer. If the plans are approved by the Council of CERN, could take the billion-project to the year 2040 his research.

    the construction of a 100-Kilometer-long tunnel in the vicinity of the LHC is Planned. There are different types to be studied by particle collisions: First, the FCC would allow, unlike the LHC electrons and positrons collide with each other. This would allow for more accurate measurements, since, unlike in proton-proton collisions, the simultaneous production of an indeterminate number of Quarks and gluons in the collisions would be prevented. Finally, protons will be made possible collisions in the 100-Kilometer-long Tunnel at center of mass energies of up to 100 teraelectron volts – the latter Design, however, would only be taken after the successful implementation of the electron-Positron accelerator in attack and, thus, in the late 2050s years.