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The term “sudoku” it coined more than a decade ago by the former minister of Economy and Finance, Pedro Solbes, to define the complex negotiation of the financing model autónomica (since his departure there has been no reform). Now, farmers and ranchers spaniards will have to solve their own to have a new Strategic Plan, to distribute the aid of the new CAP (Common Agricultural Policy) . That is to say, a few 47.682 million of euros for the period 2021-2027, spread on 39.156 million for payments to directors and stock market, junot other 7.776 million for Rural Development to which was added 750 milloens from the Recovery Fund. A document whose first draft was sent to Brussels in the coming month of April, for the version final is ready to enter into force the next January 1, 2023 .

This is the roadmap that has exposed the minister of Agriculture Louis Flat at the meeting of the Advisory Committee on Agriculture held on Monday, in which are represented the main farming organisations ( Asaja, COAG and UPA ), and has also outlined the proposals for starting of your department.

In particular, Flat opted to build “from drive” a new CAP that fits the new needs of the society and has outlined the most important points, which he took broadly to the directors of regional the last week: the reduction in the number of regions agronomy (currently 50), the new definition of “ farmer genuine” (or the portrait robot of who will receive the aid) associated with the perception of a certain percentage of income from Agriculture (between 20% and 30%), a small farmers ‘ scheme that allows them to receive an annual payment of between 200 and 250 euros per hectare for farms of between 6 and 10 hectares, the cap of 100 euros per farm or the “ecoesquemas” (volunteers) that add more requirements green to comply with the objective that in 2030 25% of the agricultural area is organic, among other topics.

Too many regions to Brussels

From Asaja, its director of international relations, Ignacio Lopez, has been pointed out that one of the points that greater debate will be the limits of payment for exploitation – of those who are not supporters in the association of the majority of the sector – and what has been referred to as the “convergence” external ” or the reduction in the number of regions agronomy – are now 50 – in which divides the distribution of the aid. In this sense, has predicted that there will be “considerable discussion among the autonomies” for the consequences on transfers of funds and the reorientation of crops that could produce. According to Lopez, Europe search “reduce significantly” and direct them to other, more specific according to type of crop, for example.

Not the only point in which this agrarian organization augurs well for further discussion. The future regime of the small farmer proposed since the Ministry is seen by the representative of the Asaja as a “system simplification” and realized that its recipients might even have less support than with the current system. In any case, it has shown its confidence in of “conditionality enhanced” (minimum environmental requirements and good practices) and in that, all play with the same rules . On the historic rights – finish with the historical references to the time of determining the amount of aid – have been shown to favor the possibility of a “transitional regime” gradual adjusts the volume of aid to the average of your environment.

More and new green measures

Lopez (Asaja) has also recognized that it is the way to go in order to concretise the content of the ecoesquemas. In this regard, has pointed out that “there is already a sufficient range of environmental measures” and has asked that does not empty the current contents by setting the new . In his opinion, the objective that 40% of the CAP spending goes related to the climate or the environment, it lessens the flexibility and added that the organic farming should be associated to rural development.

who come to the aid really?

different Visions that must approach, as expressed from UPA by its general secretary Lorenzo Ramos, who calls for the 47.682 million euros to be distributed evenly and “a national policy” to avoid giving in to the pressure from the autonomous communities and to fight against the “imbalances” generated by the CAP. In addition to that with the Law of the Chain “recover” the prices at the source and make a decent living from their farms.

Ramos has asked to “be smart” to take advantage of the “push” of the society by the pandemic, and that “ favor to the sectors that need it such as the traditional olive grove or the almond tree”. that Is to say, that helps get to the “real farmers”.