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The Vocational education and Training (VET) in Spain is still looking for its space. Their lack of prestige, and it has prevented a similar development to that of other countries where you have been able to understand the importance of this type of learning that is so necessary to give response to a particular job offer. Spain has a high rate of youth unemployment, a 32,99% at the end of the first quarter, but still has not been able to channel this labor for this type of training is more specific. In some sectors, provide employment opportunities with very good conditions and above all with the possibility of having an attractive professional career path. And for some businesses it is essential to have these programs to cover their jobs.
According to the Data in Advance of the Teachings of the non-university course 2019-2020, published by the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (GFSM), with the contributions of the autonomous communities, the teachings of FP presented the increase more significant with 6% more students than the previous academic year, reaching out to the nearly 862.000 students.
In the last decade, the percentage of students who have deca as for the FP has grown 77%, but Spain is still below the average of OECD countries and has one of the lowest rates of enrolment in FP of average degree: 12% compared with 26% for half of the countries that comprise the organization.
The FP-Dual allows the students to get to know the real working environment and be more motivated
From the House of Spain has been working for years to promote this type of training. “We see what is demanded by companies that need profiles that do not exist in the educational offer in Spain. At the university lack the practical part, and sectors such as the industrial and the health sector rely heavily on the FP”, indicates Maria Tosca, director of Employment, Training and Entrepreneurship of the House of Spain. “It’s a training that responds to the business need and that fits in very well for their practical component,” he adds. From this institution primarily support the FP Dual where the educational centre and the company is corresponsabilizan of the training of the apprentice. “Is the program that most interests us because it has higher employability but we support all the FP because the Dual is still little,” he adds. Among the initiatives driven from House of Spain is the implementation of the project “e-FP”, with the collaboration of the Foundation Sign. This project aims to strengthen the entrepreneurial capacity of more than 300 students of Vocational Training and Vocational Training Dual, through a methodology online agile and dynamic.
The Bertelsmann Foundation works for the youth employment and six years ago gave an important impetus to the FP Dual creating an alliance in which already have over 1,350 members. “Our task is to disseminate the model across the different initiatives and help schools and enterprises to carry out”, explains Ignacio de Benito responsible for the project Partnership to VET Dual. It highlights the benefits of this type of programs for young people because “they are in the real working environment, more motivated, work in a team and the job placement is better.” For its part, to corporations, “represents a process of selection continued, with less cost,” and schools of education allows them a best tuition “achieving a more direct contact of the teacher with the company.” As stresses Ignacio de Benito, Europe commits to this model, which represents 30% of the students of FP, while in Spain is only 3%. is “In some countries, such as Austria gets to be 60-70%, so we have a long road ahead. This takes time and at least the dynamic that has taken is the right one.’
companies need to profiles that are not in the educational offer of spain and the FP responds very well to your needs
The House of Spain held in 2019 for a total of 13 trade Fairs of Vocational Training Dual, with which they try to “change the optics of this training, which has more prestige”. Not usually take into account that the FP attracts more job offers to the university, 42.3% versus 38.5%, as indicated in a report of The Adecco Group Institute and Infoempleo. Administration and Management, Electricity and Electronics, Mechanical Manufacturing, Computer, and Communications and Installation and Maintenance accumulated in 2018, 36% of offers to graduates of FP. is “In Spain have focused on the university when it is often synonymous with unemployment. The labour market calls for a lot of technical level of education intermediate”, warns Ignacio de Benito.