CO₂-debate – these are the five biggest points of contention in the new climate law is today and tomorrow, as the green of the national Council after the elections in the autumn become: He decides on measures of gasoline prices, over building regulations to the airline ticket levy. Fabian Fellmann8 Kommentare8Demonstranten draw in February 2019, by Bern, because the national Council has previously sunk the CO₂-law.Photo: Peter Klaunzer (Keystone)

There was a Cry that reverberates still: The climate protection act failed two years ago in the national Council, after it had been from the Bourgeois to the bone. The electorate gave them in the last autumn, the receipt for it and gave the green parties electoral victory.

Today is Tuesday, and tomorrow, the national Council takes up Wednesday a second attempt to decide on a new CO₂-law dam. The signs are completely different: The green forces are strengthened, the FDP has turn to a Climate-struggled through, and the more conservative, often – the Council of States has, in principle, capable of gaining majority support template sheets. The Corona-the economic crisis does not change anything: With 141 to 54 votes, the national Council decided on Tuesday to advise the law, and rejected a request from the SVP to make it from the Commission’s review.

However, it is wrestled in the big chamber still important decisions: on Tuesday, the objectives and the building regulations, on Wednesday and then to the fuel prices and the airline ticket levy. Already it is clear that one day the citizenship will decide at the ballot box about the law, because the SVP wants to take up the Referendum.

SparzielWie strong Switzerland, not to reduce the CO₂ emissions by 2030, so the world is burning? Protesters during a Corona-climate strikes.Photo: Anthony Anex (Keystone)

With the exception of the SVP, all the political groups in the Federal house are agreed: The temperature on earth will rise to a maximum of 2 degrees above pre-industrial age, preferably even only by 1.5 degrees. That’s the equivalent of the Paris climate agreement.

the Agreement is over already. The specific objectives, three different proposals are up for debate: Should reduce Switzerland’s greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, 40, 50 or 60 percent? Two years ago, the country stood at 86 percent, and the year 1990 is used as a comparison. Actually, the value would have to fall by the end of this year to 80 per cent, what is miss Switzerland is expected to narrowly miss.

When setting objectives, it is not just a pay dispute. Rather, the climate protection derive measures from it: The more ambitious the Plan, the more drastic must be the specific rules. A reduction to 50 per cent in ten years, the Federal Council, the CVP and the FDP propose. A more ambitious target of 40 percent of the demand SP, the greens and the green liberals, for high a value as possible, the SVP argues. She argues that the Swiss had done much for the protection of the climate, the CO₂ emissions per capita, declining steadily. Federal President Simonetta Sommaruga pointed out that the Per-capita emissions amounted to 5.4 tonnes, about ten times more than what is according to science, in a sustainable way.

scientists do not criticize the goals of ranged. Sommaruga defended the law in the Council, nevertheless, You can’t promise of the climate youth, the blue from the sky. Rather, one must decide what is Feasible and majority-capable and a step in the right direction.

Save in Switzerland or abroad forest fire in Brazil: Switzerland can buy climate certificates abroad, such as projects for the protection of the rain forest in Brazil.Photo: Alves Joedson (Keystone)

The Swiss greenhouse gas, can improve balance by lowering the emissions in the domestic or projects abroad. In this context, Switzerland is in a Dilemma: abroad can be saved per Swiss franc invested more in the domestic market, the probability is higher that the domestic economy benefits. The Swiss Academy for Sciences, but it is pointed out that the potential for projects in foreign countries is rapidly dwindling, because the prices are likely to rise in the future.

at Least 60 percent of the CO₂ savings would have to happen in Germany, propose to the Federal Council, the CVP and FDP. A part of the CVP, the greens and the SP require that this value will be increased to 75 percent, the SVP, in turn, wants to delete all rules. This goal is crucial to how grippy the climate protection measures will fail. With those, which are provided for in the law, would have reached almost 75 percent in the domestic market.

gasoline and the fuel price of petrol more expensive, electric cars to promote This climate protection measure is to talk in the national Council.Photo: Christian Beutler (Keystone)

The petrol prices will be the morning theme Wednesday to a large. The compensation surcharge is supposed to be able to go up to 12 cents per litre: the Council of States, as well as the parties of the left suggest it. The SVP and a part of the FDP want to limit the amount of this surcharge on 8 cents; you are likely to find, but not a majority. A compromise proposal that may have opportunities, is now launching the Valais CVP-Nationalrat Philipp Matthias Bregy: He proposes to limit the surcharge to 10 cents and to give the Federal Council the competence to reduce the upper limit temporarily, “if the economic need is demonstrated”.

With this proposal, CVP-representatives want to come to the rural areas and reduce the risk that the law crashing in the economic crisis, according to Corona at the ballot box. The danger: The SVP, which threatens with the Referendum, criticised by the national Council, the CO₂-law to punish the country’s population, which is dependent on the car.

the parties of The left see no contradiction: “Who said the car really takes a lot to rise anyway, better to electro-mobility”, SP-Nationalrat Beat Jans. This is already cheaper than a car with a petrol or diesel engine. In the law it is provided also, to the cantons and municipalities, each year, 60 million Swiss francs available for climate protection projects, for example, the Installation of electric car-charging stations in multi-family houses.

For discussions of the carbon tax on fossil fuels. Today, it is a maximum of 120 francs per Tonne, in the future, it should be up to 210 francs. The SVP is fighting against, but it is likely to be subject to this.

flight ticket levy flying should be more expensive, especially on short-haul routes: The majority of the national Council is expected to approve the airline ticket levy on Wednesday. Photo: Ennio Leanza (Keystone)

The air ticket levy, the bone of contention that led two years ago to a crash of the law, because the SVP and parts of the FDP and CVP lines from the law. The Council of States has inserted them again, and this time the case seems clear: While some of the Commoners fight back still against the tax or you want to delay, but is not likely to be subject to on Wednesday. This is essential because the FDP parliamentary group majority supported the tax now and in the CVP, only a small minority is against it.

The tax is expected to be a minimum of 30 and a maximum of 120 Swiss francs, the Details will be set by the Federal Council. The greens and the SP require that passengers of the Business Class and First Class should pay higher taxes, but this application would seem to be out of the game. For private jets the output in a range between 500 and 5000 francs should be exempted from the tax by small private aircraft, such as for flight schools used to be. SP and the greens want to increase to up to 20’000 Swiss francs.

energy regulations for building in-circuit with heating oil: The Parliament wants to prevent the Installation of new Oil heating systems, in fact, under.Photo: Gaëtan Bally (Keystone)

Actually, the energy requirements for buildings are the responsibility of the cantons. Because many of you have missed it, but to reduce the fuel consumption values in time, will now engage the Federal government: Starting in 2023, it would be prohibited, in fact, new Oil heating systems installed unless the units are operated with biofuel. The cantons had resisted against this provision. In the national Council, a compromise is now: The Federal rules apply only in those cantons that have not adopted any targeted measures.

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