Archaeologists do fall for a myth of 3,000 years: the dynasty of the hyksos not invaded Ancient Egypt


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Until now it was thought that the hyksos , a mysterious nomadic people of the middle East, had invaded Egypt for more than 3,600 years . Traditionally it was believed that they acceded to power after a invasion from the east , where have been found traces arquelógicos related to their culture.

The f araones of the fifteenth dynasty were hyksos and ruled Egypt between about 1638 and the 1530 a.C. It has always considered that this was the first period in history in which this empire was led by rulers of foreign origin.

however, a group of scientists and historians from the University of Bournemouth (Uk) has shown that the Hyksos are not members of a village invader, but this is a minority present in the region for generations .

in a study published In the american magazine the journal PLOS ONE, the team led by Chris Stantis investigated the human remains of the capital of the hyksos, Tell el-Dab’to (in the northeast of the Nile delta) to explore the origins of this dynasty .

analyses of isotopes of strontium to enamel of the teeth 75 human buried in the ancient capital city of the Hyksos Tell el-Dab’, in the northeast of the Nile delta.

The scientists discovered that a large percentage of the population were foreign who emigrated from a wide variety of other places; however, this pattern was true of both before and during the reign of the dynasty Hyksos, what that denies the theory of a sudden invasion of this people . Therefore, the authors of the published text suggests that eventually the hyksos came to power after living there for generations, according to Efe.

This is the first study that uses the chemistry archaeological to address the origins of the rulers hyksos, but the authors point out that it will take more research and chemical techniques more large to identify the ancestors of specific people and other residents that are not local to Egypt.